Dep. 7 Experimental Nuclear Physics and Cosmophysics

National Research Nuclear University MEPhI

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Every atom of your body came from an exploding star, and this is the most poetic thing I know about physics: we are all made of star dust. Lawrence M. Krauss. Astrophysicist
I am fascinated by all the incomprehensible. In particular, the nuclear physics' books are astounding. Salvador Dali. Painter, writer
Everyone from childhood knows that this and that is impossible. But there is always an ignoramus who does not know this. He is making a discovery. Albert Einstein. Theoretical physicist

We invite you to study with us and participate in scientific work!

Educational programs

Nuclear physics and cosmophysics

The program includes deep study of nuclear physics and particle physics, methods of recording radiation and data processing, building a modern experiment on Earth and in Space, and also cosmo- and astrophysics

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Service 2

Fundamental interactions

The main topic of the course is the Standard Model of Elementary Particle Physics, its extensions and the search for new physics, using data processing and theoretical research.


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Service 3

Postrgaduate program

Training of highly qualified specialists capable of conducting experimental and theoretical scientific research in the field of 01.04.16 "Physics of the atomic nucleus and elementary particles" (Physics and astronomy).


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Research

Space research

The registration of charged cosmic rays of various types (electrons and positrons, protons and antiprotons, light nuclei and their isotopes), which have a galactic origin over a wide energy range.
The study of the mechanisms of charged cosmic rays generation in various astrophysical sources and their propagation in the interstellar and interplanetary medium.
The search for indirect manifestations of hypothetical particles of dark matter in outer space using of precision energy spectra of antiparticles measurements.

Registration of charged solar cosmic rays and electromagnetic radiation in order to study the formation and development of active processes on the Sun (flares and coronal mass ejections (CME)).
Study of the propagation of SCR and CME in the interplanetary medium and their interaction with the magnetosphere of the Earth; The influence of EMP on the upper Earth's atmosphere.

Measurement of the particles' fluxes of different types in near-Earth space to study the mechanisms of their generation, motion and capture in the Earth's magnetic field.
Observation of radiation situation in low orbits, including remote sensing and ISS satellites.
Work on the earthquake prediction techniques, strong lightning activity and radiation emissions from manmade accidents Cosmos.

Observation and study of the characteristics of cosmic sources of high-energy gamma radiation, the investigation of diffuse gamma radiation and the search for features associated with possible manifestations of dark matter.

Theoretical calculations in the fields of astrophysics, cosmic ray physics and cosmology to interpret the results of experiments, definition of key tasks and planning the future scientific missions.

Nuclear physics and elementary particles

Using a variety of methods of nuclear physics, in particular nuclear femtoscopy, a wide range of scientific problems related to the study of nuclear matter properties are solved, as well as studies of extreme states of matter that could appear in the first moments of the birth of the universe.

The study of the fundamental role of particles in the so-called The standard model. For example, the definition of the role of gluons in the confinement of quarks, the observation of exotic mesons, and the study of the properties of charmed and strange hadrons, heavy quarkonium, and the precise measurement of τ-leptons properties.

The search for a new physics that does not fit into the existing paradigm of the Standard Model is being carried out. We are looking on acclerators and in direct detection experiments for a new candidate particles for the role of dark matter, new exotic states of neutral and charged hadrons, and so on.

Theoretical and experimental researches to describe the first epochs in the evolution of the Universe, to study the nature of the baryon asymmetry, to determine the dimension of space-time, and to study other properties of the Universe and its objects, for example, neutron stars and black holes.

Detectors and experimental facilities

Participation in the creation of scientific equipment and observatories for observations in the Cosmos of a wide range of cosmic radiation (on satellites, specialized platforms or the ISS).
We can manage at all stages of the project: setting the task and determining the methods for solving it, offering a configuration of the equipment and its verification using simulation with the required characteristics and tasks, design, manufacture, adjustment and calibration equipment, adjustment of software and technical interaction with the on-board complex of the spacecraft.

Development and modernization of detector systems for existing and promising accelerator complexes, which provide researches in relevant areas of nuclear physics and elementary particle physics. The work includes all stages of creating equipment from the response and characteristics of detector systems simulation up to their manufacture. Today, we take part in the upgrade of the detectors at the LHC accelerator, as well as to manufacture detectors for the NICA accelerator, which is currently being built in Dubna.

Creation of modern gamma spectroscopy with high energy resolution and radiation, thermal and acoustic resistance.
Today they are used in fundamental experiments and for environmental control at nuclear power stations and in nuclear medicine.

Development of new detector technologies necessary for efficient detection of electronic (anti)neutrinos by compact devices using the effect of coherent scattering of these particles on heavy nuclei.
The setting of physical experiments, having both fundamental importance and necessary for solving many practical problems in nuclear power industry and nuclear medicine.


Training of specialists

Field of knowledge

We are one of the leaders in the highly qualified training of specialists whose goal is research in the physics of the atomic nucleus, elementary particles and fundamental interactions, and also study of the Cosmos by recording spectrum of charged and neutral cosmic radiation.

Employees of the department

Many of the department staff are not only teachers, but also scientists who read lectures according to their scientific research. At the same time, their qualifications are very high, allowing them to participate, taking the leading roles, in the largest known scientific experiments, such as ATLAS, CMS, PAMELA, Glue-X, NICA and others.

Scientific work

The department has several research laboratories where students have the opportunity to conduct research and development along with training and to carry out graduation projects on current scientific topics.


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Our partners

Roscosmos
Rosatom
The Russian Academy of Sciences
CERN
Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (Germany)
Brookhaven National Laboratory (USA)
The Joint Institute for Nuclear Research
National Institute for Nuclear Physics (Italy)
University of Oulu (Finland)
Waseda University (Japan)
P.G. Demidov Yaroslavl State University
University of Louvain (Belgium)